Latvian national Observatory report 2000
MODERNISATION OF VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING IN LATVIA

Bibliography

1. A survey of the information technology, telecommunications and electronics sector in Latvia - Riga: Phare, 2000.

2. A survey of construction sector in Latvia - Riga: Phare, 2000.

3. Adult Education Yearbook, Riga, 1999

4. Career Counselling Centre, Report 1999, Riga, 2000.

5. Demographic yearbook of Latvia, 1999. Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia. Riga, 1999.

6. Education institutions in Latvia at the beginning of school year 1999/2000. Statistical bulletin. Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia. Riga, 2000.

7. Education institutions in Latvia at the beginning of school year 1998/99. Statistical bulletin. Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia. Riga, 1999. 117 p.

8. Koroleva, Rungule, Sebre, Trapenciere: A Sociological Portrait of Latvian Youth - Riga; University of Latvia Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, 1999.

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10. Latvian Monthly Statistical Bulletin 6 (73)/2000. Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia. Riga, July, 2000.

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13. Labour force in Latvia. Labour force survey data, November 1998. A statistical bulletin. Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia. Riga, May 1999.

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16. Report on the development of National Economy. LR Ministry of Economics. Riga, December 1999.

17. Report on the development of National Economy. LR Ministry of Economics. Riga, June 1999.

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19. SES Annual Report 1999. Latvian State Employment Service, Riga, 2000.

20. SES Annual Report 1998. Latvian State Employment Service, Riga, 1999.

21. Statistical yearbook of Latvia, 1999. Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia. Riga, 1999.

22. Statistical yearbook of Latvia 2000, Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia, Riga, 2000.

23. Social report, 1998. Ministry of Welfare, Riga, 1999.

24. Survey on IVET schools in Latvia at the beginning of a.y. 1999/2000 - MoES, Riga, 2000.

 

Selected data on socio-economic situation

Table 1. Gross domestic product (GDP)

Year

GDP, thousands LVL, (at average prices of 1995)

As per cent of previous year (at average prices of 1995)

GDP, thousands LVL, at current prices

GDP in billions of Euro

GDP per capita, converted into Euro

1990

4,736,578

102.9

62,440

1991

4,243,382

89.6

143,325

1992

2,764,190

65.1

1,004,555

1993

2,353,178

85.1

1,467,012

1994

2,368,435

100.6

2,042,555

1995

2,349,223

99.2

2,349,223

10.8

4300

1996

2,427,705

103.3

2,829,135

11.6

4700

1997

2,636,754

108.6

3,275,456

13.1

5300

1998

2,739,121

103.9

3,589,476

13.7

5600

1999

2,741,004

100.1

3,662,306

14.1

5800

Sources:
Statistical yearbook of Latvia, 1999.- Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia. Riga, 1999.
* Statistical yearbook of Latvia, 2000. - CSB. Riga, 2000.

Table 2. Selected state budget expenditures (at current prices)

  1995 (mln. LVL) 1995 (% of GDP) 1996 (mln. LVL) 1996 (% of GDP) 1997 (mln. LVL) 1997 (% of GDP) 1998 (mln. LVL) 1998 (% of GDP) 1999 (mln. LVL) 1999 (% of GDP)
Expenditure by government function –total

951.1

 

1112.2

 

1266.7

 

1572.2

 

1745.1

 
Of which:

Science

6.5

0.27

7.3

0.26

8.2

0.25

8.5

0.24

8.7

0.24

Education (in total)

161.7

6.9

162.5

5.7

184.9

5.6

246.5

7.5

262.7

7.2

Higher education *

20.3

0.86

23.1

0.82

23.4

0.71

25.6

0.71

26.7

0.7

Health care

92.4

3.9

110.4

3.9

125.6

3.8

148.4

4.1

159.5

4.4

Social security and welfare

352.5

15.0

415.3

14.7

458.6

14.0

541.0

15.0

626.8

17.0

General public services

64.3

2.7

94.3

3.3

111.9

3.4

142.7

4.0

134.5

3.7

Public order and safety

48.0

2.0

56.3

2.0

67.1

2.0

91.9

2.5

116.5

3.2

Source: CSB data; * MoES data

Table 3. Monthly average gross wage per sections

Year

1995

1998

1999

Total in LVL

89.50

133.30

140.99

  Percent of average wage Percent of average wage Public sector per cent of total average Private sector per cent of total average Percent of average wage Public sector per cent of total average Private sector per cent of total average
Total

100

100

107

94

100

111

92

Agriculture, hunting, forestry

72

70

96

63

70

105

60

Fishing

133

79

62

82

75

59

78

Industry

106

106

126

101

104

138

99

Mining and quarrying

91

105

83

105

112

…

112

Manufacturing

103

101

99

101

97

98

97

Electricity, gas and water supply

134

145

149

87

153

150

162

Construction

97

101

130

95

97

126

97

Trade and repair

75

72

94

71

72

90

72

Hotels and restaurants

76

64

115

57

58

115

53

Transport, storage, communication

152

139

148

123

133

144

113

Financial intermediation

186

232

260

223

238

296

221

Real estate and business activities

93

105

100

110

112

106

116

Public administration and defence

120

126

126

310

133

133

332

Education

80

81

81

89

85

85

85

Health care and welfare

80

78

79

70

84

85

75

Other services

81

84

85

80

89

94

78

Source: CSB data

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